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uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit v2

Note

If you have an old version of the board, here is a link to the old documentation of the ESP32 Wroom DevKit board.

See also

If you have just received a uPesy ESP32 board, I advise you to first look at the quick start guide if you haven’t already done yet 🙂.

Here is the technical documentation of the board uPesy ESP32 WROOM DevKit . The board is based on an ESP32 module and can easily be put on a breadboard. It is not as wide as most other ESP32 boards. You can access the pins on both sides of the board to connect wires.

upesy esp32 board compatible breadboard

uPesy ESP32 Wroom Devkit

Pinout

Each pin of the uPesy board is identified by a number GPIOxx This number allows one to know a particular pin’s functionalities. The pinout of a board corresponds to a diagram that summarizes the functionality of all the pins. Here below are two versions of the pinouts of the board uPesy Wroom DevKit :

  • A simplified version that you also have in paper form with the board will help you familiarize yourself with the pins during your first electronic circuits.

  • A version containing the majority of the features of each pin.

Simplified version

This version, adapted for beginners, presents the main features of the pins.

esp32 pin diagram

uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit v2 Simplified Pinout

Note

You can put the ESP32 on the paper sheet to better locate the pins. 😉

astuce connaitre broche esp32 pinout

Full version

pin diagram of the complete ESP32

uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit v2 Full Pinout

Note

The pins 36, 39, 34, 35 pins GPIO36, GPIO39, GPIO34, and GPIO35 can only be used in input. They don’t have internal pullup resistors either (You can’t use pinMode(36, INPUT_PULLUP) ).

I strongly invite you to consult the page on the detailed operation of the ESP32 pins for more information.

Details on pin numbers

You will notice that the pins are numbered out of order, unlike the Arduinos boards. It will be necessary to refer to the pinout to know the pin number and not deduce it from the position of the pin.

There is a link between the Arduino keywords and the ESP32 pins. The connection is between the keywords and the pins of the ESP32, not between the Arduino and the pins of the ESP32. However, this association is incomplete and often a source of errors. It is therefore not recommended to use it, but it can be helpful to know it to adapt more easily a code initially written for an Arduino to an ESP32.

Here is the link when chosen as the type of board ESP32 Dev Module or DOIT ESP32 DEVKIT V1

Keywords

Arduino Uno Pin

ESP32 Pin

LED_BUILTIN

13

2

RX

0

3

TX

1

1

SDA

A4

21

SCL

A5

22

SS

10

5

MOSI

11

23

MISO

12

19

SCK

13

18

A0

A0

36

A3

A3

39

A4

A4

32

A5

A5

33

DAC1

25

DAC2

26

Tip

Unlike the Arduino, the pin number of the SPI, I2C, I2S, and SD peripherals indicated in the pinout is assigned by default and can be changed . For example, instead of having the SPI on pins 23, 19, 18, and 5 by default, we can put it on pins 32, 33, 25, and 26 if we want.

Features

We can break down the uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit board into four main blocks:

  • The ESP32 module

  • The USB to UART converter

  • Power management

  • The connectivity

ESP32 module

The brain of the board is the ESP32 module. It is a powerful microcontroller made by Espressif. On the uPesy board, a WROOM module is used: it contains an ESP32 chip and an elementary circuit to make it operate.

Here are links to the manufacturer’s datasheet:

USB/UART converter

This converter plays the role of “interpreter” between the computer and the ESP32 module so that they can communicate together. A CP2102 chip from Silicon Labs is used for this task. It is natively supported by Windows, macOS and Linux. There is, therefore, no need to install any particular driver.

Note

If you get the error “ A fatal error occurred: Failed to connect to ESP32: Timed out waiting for packet header”, you can try to add a 10 µF capacitor between the pin EN and GND . Otherwise, you will have to use the manual solution described below.

Power management

This section of the board is responsible for power management. It contains, among other things, a 3.3V voltage regulator and protection. Its operation will be detailed in the Use section.

Connectivity

The USB-C connector of the board allows for communication with the computer. It will allow uploading a program to send messages.

Note

Be sure to use a USB cable that allows data to pass through, not one that is just for charging a device.

The two buttons EN and BOOT of the board allow control of the state of the ESP32:

  • EN: This button, also called RESET, is used to restart the ESP32 forcefully

  • BOOT: Using this button alone is not very useful. It acts on the behavior of the ESP32 during the boot process.

These buttons can manually put the ESP32 in FLASH mode, which allows loading a new program on the ESP32. Usually, the ESP32 automatically goes into this mode when the upload is done via USB with the CP2102 converter.

Tip

It’s the backup solution when you can’t remove the A fatal error occurred: Failed to connect to ESP32: Timed out waiting for packet header

When :

Connecting........_____....._____....._____....._____....._____....._____....._____....._____....._____....._____

Here is the combination to produce :

  • Press and hold the EN and BOOT buttons simultaneously for 2 seconds

  • Release the EN button while holding down BOOT for 2 seconds

  • Release the BOOT button

Usage

Voltage tolerance of the pins

  • The ESP32 is a microcontroller that works in 3.3V. The logic levels are therefore 0 and 3.3V and not 0 and 5V. That is to say that the output voltage of the GPIO pins is 3.3V, and the input voltage must not exceed 3.3V. The GPIO pins are not designed to have logic levels of 5V .

  • The voltage measured by the analog to digital converter must not exceed 3.3V (and not harmful, of course).

Note

Most modules/sensors can work with 3.3V logic levels, but if this is not the case, you will need level shifters (or at least voltage dividers) to switch from 3.3V to 5V and vice versa.

Warning

Since the ESP32 was not designed to receive 5V on these GPIO pins, you can damage the ESP32 pins if they are exposed to this voltage for too long.

Power supply for the uPesy board

Note

The information given below is only valid for this uPesy board

When the board is powered, a red LED lights up. There are several ways to power the uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit board:

  • The easiest way is by USB in 5V, connecting the board to a computer or an external battery (power bank). You can then use the 5V and 3.3V pins to power an electronic circuit.

    Note

    The voltage of the 5V pin comes only from the USB.

  • You can also supply the board directly on the pin \(V_{IN}\) with an external power supply. It would help if you remembered to connect the power supply’s ground to the board’s GND pin. There is no 5V voltage on pin 5V, and only 3.3V is available on pin 3V3.

    Warning

    The input voltage on the \(V_{IN}\) pin must be between 3.6 and 7V maximum . A voltage around 5V is optimal.

  • You can also use the first two methods at the same time. This means having an external power supply connected to the \(V_{IN}\) pin and the board connected to the computer (the two grounds must be attached) . This is very convenient to talk to the Arduino IDE serial monitor while having the ESP32 powered by another external electronic circuit. The operation is as follows:

    • If \(V_{IN}\) < \(V_{USB}\) with \(V_{USB}=5V\) , then it is the USB that will mainly power the ESP32.

    • If \(V_{IN}\) > \(V_{USB}\) if the ESP32 is not connected to the external power supply, then the external power supply will be used primarily to power the ESP32.

    Warning

    In case of error, it is also necessary to remain cautious in this power supply mode to avoid irreversible damage to the ESP32 board and/or the USB port of the computer and/or the external power supply. This operation is usually safe on the uPesy board thanks to a protection circuit that prevents reverse power supply currents. Unfortunately, this is not the case for all ESP32 boards.

Integrated protections

The board uPesy ESP32 Wroom DevKit has a protective battery to avoid damaging it. Note that these protections are insufficient to prevent all possible handling errors: the board is not unbreakable.

The board includes the following protections:

  • Electrostatic discharge protection on the USB port

  • Short circuit protection on the rail \(V_{IN}\) , 5V and 3.3V. Auto-resetting thermal fuses rated for 350 mA are used on the \(V_{IN}\) and 5V. It is, therefore, necessary to avoid drawing too much current on the board. Otherwise, they may be triggered. They are automatically activated and deactivated (polyfuse).

    Warning

    Therefore, you should avoid connecting many motors to the power pins.

  • Protections against current injections on pins 5V and 3V3 to avoid inadvertently injecting a current on these power supply pins.

    Warning

    You can’t supply the ESP32 board directly with 3.3V on pin 3V3.

  • Overvoltage protection on the pin \(V_{IN}\) : a passive circuit limits the voltage \(V_{IN}\) ; however, the excess will dissipate as heat and eventually trip the self-resetting thermal fuse.

  • Reverse polarity protection between \(V_{IN}\) and GND.

Tip

Generally speaking, if the integrated red LED does not light up when you power up the board, there is a power supply issue: you should quickly disconnect the board to avoid damaging the board and/or the power supply itself.

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